Cause: Studies shows that it is interrelated immunologic, environmental, hormonal, and genetic factors as possible causes. Risk factors may be due to viral infections, exposure to sunlight or ultraviolet light, immunization, pregnancy, abnormal estrogen metabolism., stress, streptococcal or viral infections, and may include genetic predisposition.
Facial erythema (butterfly rash)
Oral or nasopharyngeal ulceration
Low grade fever
Lymp node enlargement
Nausea and or Vomiting
Diarrhea or constipation
Irregular menstrual periods
For mild symptoms: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Topical treatment for skin lesions.
Refractory skin lesions are treated with intralesional corticosteroids or antimalarials, such as hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine.. These type of medications can cause retinal damage, such treatment requires ophthalmologic examination every 6 months.
Cause: The exact cause is unknown, evidence suggest an autoimmune defect.
Lesions are red, raised, scaling plaques, with
follicular plugging and central atrophy. The raised edges and sunken
centers give them a coin like appearance. Lesions can appear anywhere
on the body, they usually erupt on the face, scalp, ears, neck, and arms
or on any part of the body that's exposed to sunlight..
Hair may become brittle or may fall out in patches.
Tropical intralesional, or systemic medication
Avoid prolonged exposure to sun, fluorescent lighting, or reflected sunlight.
Latest Article: Listeriosis
What it is: Listeriosis is a serious infection caused by eating food contaminated with the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes and has recently been recognized as an important public health problem in the United States. Symptoms: A person with listeriosis usually has fever, muscle aches, and sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms such...