Chronic Intractable Pain
many patients with terminal illnesses or chronic conditions suffer extreme
pain without receiving adequate
treatment for it. The Wyden-Mack Conquering Pain Act, supported by a broad range of health care and patient advocacy
groups, seeks to address that problem by taking a variety of steps to expand access to pain care and information about it,
and examining where government policies might actually represent barriers to improved pain management.
Family Support Networks -- Establishes six regional Family Support Networks in Pain and Symptom Management which will
coordinate efforts to make pain care available to all patients who need it, 24 hours a day, seven days a week by working with
physicians, pharmacists, hospitals, research institutions, local governments, community groups, and patients.
Pain Guidelines Website -- Directs HHS to establish an Internet site
providing easy-to-understand guidelines for the treatment of
pain. Health care facilities will be required to provide access to this site for all patients and providers.
Federal Health Programs -- Requires that patients in all Federal health
programs must be told that they should expect to have
their pain managed. All Medicare recipients should receive information about coverage of pain treatment by the managed care
plans available to them under the Medicare+Choice program.
Improving Quality of Care -- Authorizes physician Peer Review Organizations
to review pain management at the local level and
assist doctors and other health care practitioners in improving the quality of care. Requires HHS to establish standards for
measuring the quality of care.
Surgeon General's Report on Pain -- Instructs the Surgeon General to issue a report by October, 2000 on the legal and
regulatory barriers to pain management, the level of competence in treating pain by physicians around the country, the amount and
quality of training received by medical students and residents, and other issues relating to pain management, to raise public
awareness of the problem.
Additional Studies -- Directs various agencies to conduct studies of
the affects on pain management of Medicare, Medicaid and
private health insurers' reimbursement policies, and the impact of controlled substance laws on pain management.
Advisory Committee on Pain -- Creates an 11-member Committee to coordinate
the efforts of various arms of the federal
government, and to make recommendations about additional research needs, practice guidelines, and other areas of pain
NIH Conference -- Directs the National Institutes of Health to hold
a conference by 2003 to discuss ideas for putting new
developments in pain research into practice in the health care system.
MACK TO INTRODUCE BILL TO RAISE
QUALITY OF CARE FOR PATIENTS IN PAIN CLICK
Pain, which is constant, debilitating, incurable, interferes with sleep and produces
elevations of pulse, blood pressure, and adrenal gland hormones.
INTRACTABLE PAIN DISEASE
This disease is a severe, uninterrupted stress state that results in intermittent hypertension, tachycardia, alterations of pituitary and adrenal hormones, depression, fatigue, and a bed-bound state. Additional complications may include osteoporosis, myofascial pain, immune suppression, gastritis, muscle contractures, memory loss, attention deficit, hypoglycemia, diabetes, suicide, crying spells, pancreatitis, loss of libido, obesity, teeth erosion, lipid-cholesterol abnormalities, and cardiac disease. Abnormally high or low hormone levels including cortisone, insulin, and adrenalin produce many of the complications. Low adrenal hormone levels result from the inability of the adrenal glands to cope with constant stress of severe pain.
California's: SB 402 & 1802:
Pain, and why you not have to suffer in California
In my own experiences as a patient and a nurse, I have found that too many States do not allow the use of narcotic analgesics as treatment for patients with chronic intractable pain.
Patients all over the US are suffering needlessly from doctors who are too scared to prescribe narcotic pain medication for fear of having their license revoked. Other doctors are just not properly trained in how to treat patients with the use of narcotic analgesics. Their are also those doctors from poor or third world countries who do not believe in treating patients adequately for pain. They usually come from a back grown where (in their own culture) pain is something that you just have to get used too and learn to live with. This is a Travesty!
Treatment of patients in severe or chronic pain with the use of narcotic analgesics is not only safer today with the new "hi tech" long acting narcotics, it is also more practical. Patients are far less likely to overdose with these new classes of long acting narcotics than 10 years ago when repeated dosing of short acting narcotics was the routine of the time.
I myself am tired of hearing patients tell me that their doctor has told them that they are just going to have to learn to live with the pain, (or) go in to some type of pain program. Pain Programs/Clinics Do Not use narcotic therapy as a part of their treatment plan and the worst thing is that referring doctors know this!! The use of narcotics as a part of there therapy is forbidden and other ways of controlling pain such as mind over matter as an example are the routine of choice. You can not take a patient in severe chronic intractable pain and try and tell them that they can out think it! To those doctors that use this approach I say, cut off your right finger, or better yet go out and get hit by a truck and then come back and try one of these therapies! Only then will they understand.
And to those doctors that say you are a drug seeking patient, Or he has a drug seeking personality, I say to you YES I am seeking drugs for my pain! What am I supposed to do, act like I do not really need them?
What doctors have to understand is that patients who are labeled drug seeking are just that! They are seeking to get out of pain. Studies have shown that patients suffer from chronic intractable pain, are not the typical drug addict looking for a fix! Rather they are looking for relief and to just live a normal life with some type of control over their pain.
And those doctors who do give out lets say 25 (or) 50 pills a month
and have a patient sign a drug contract I say ("it just does not work
If a patient is in more pain on a certain day he/she is going to need more pain medication to make it through that day. Before the patient knows it he has used up his supply, And all he gets for his/her trouble is a lecture from the doctor. PAIN CONTRACTS DO NOT WORK!!
Better yet put your patient on a longer lasting pain medication like Oxycontin or a narcotic patch like Fentanyl, and give your patient a supply of short acting pain medication for break through pain. This will not only make the patient more comfortable but less likely to ride the roller coaster of ups and downs that short acting pain medications can cause.
California NOW is one of the most recent states for adopting a law to treat patients with chronic intractable pain. The law states that doctors will not be prosecuted for treating their patients with opiate pain medications. Patients also have the right to Not under go corrective surgery (if available) to treat the patients pain, and remain on narcotic pain management if it is their wish to do so.
Doctors here in California NO longer have to fear of loosing their license to treat such patients, And No longer have an excuse for Not treating their pain patients accordingly and humanely with opiate agonists.
Please read the SB 402 The California Pain Patient's Bill of Rights below and show it to your doctor or congressman to get the relief that is constitutionally yours.
As of January 1/ 1998 SB 402 takes effect.
WHAT THIS MEANS IS DOCTORS SHOULD NOT HAVE ANY MORE PROBLEMS WITH THE- STATE, IN BEING ABLE TO WRITE PRESCRIPTIONS FOR NARCOTIC PAIN DRUGS- OR TRIPLICATE NARCOTIC PAIN MEDICINE. NO MORE EXCUSES!! CHRONIC PAIN SUFFERERS SHOULD NOT HAVE TO SUFFER ANYMORE!!!!
Excerpt from Health: opiate drugs text...
Existing law, the Intractable Pain Treatment Act, authorizes a physician and surgeon to prescribe or administer controlled substances to a person in the course of treating that person for a diagnosed condition called intractable pain, and prohibits the Medical Board of California from disciplining a physician and surgeon for this action. This bill would establish the Pain Patient's Bill of Rights and would state legislative findings and declarations regarding the value of opiate drugs to persons suffering from severe chronic intractable pain.
California Senate Bill No. 402
An act to add Part 4.5 (commencing with Section -124960) to Division 106 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to health.
[Approved by Governor October 9, 1997. Filed with Secretary of State October 10, 1997.]
LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST SE 402, Greene. Health: opiate drugs.
Existing law, the Intractable Pain Treatment Act, authorizes a physician and surgeon to prescribe or administer controlled substances to a person in the course of treating that person for a diagnosed condition called intractable pain, and prohibits the Medical Board of California from disciplining a physician and surgeon for this action.
This bill would establish the Pain Patient's Bill of Rights and would state legislative findings and declarations regarding the value of opiate drugs to persons suffering from severe chronic intractable pain. It would, among other things, authorize a physician to refuse to prescribe opiate medication for a patient who requests the treatment for severe chronic intractable pain, require the physician to inform the, patient that there are physicians who specialize in the treatment of severe chronic intractable pain with methods that include the use of opiates, and authorize a physician who prescribes opiates to prescribe a dosage deemed medically necessary.
The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
SECTION 1. Part 4.5 (commencing with Section 124960) is added to Division 106 of the Health and Safety Code, to read:
PART 4.5. PAIN PATIENT'S BILL OF RIGHTS
124960. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) The state has a right and duty to control the illegal use of opiate drugs.
(b) Inadequate treatment of acute and chronic pain originating from cancer or non cancerous conditions is a significant health problem.
(c) For some patients, pain management is the single most important treatment a physician can provide.
(d) A patient suffering from severe chronic intractable pain should have access to proper treatment of his or her pain.
Ch. 839 -2-
(e) Due to the complexity of their problems, many patients suffering from severe chronic intractable pain may require referral to a physician with expertise in the treatment of severe chronic intractable pain. In some cases, severe chronic intractable pain is best treated by a team of clinicians in order to address the associated physical, psychological, social, and vocational issues.
(f) In the hands of knowledgeable, ethical, and experience pain management practitioners, opiates administered for sever acute and severe chronic intractable pain can be safe.
(g) Opiates can be an accepted treatment for patients in severe chronic intractable pain who have not obtained relief from any other means of treatment.
(h) A patient suffering from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to request or reject the use of any or all modalities to relieve his or her severe chronic intractable pain.
(i) A physician treating a patient who suffers from severe chronic intractable pain may prescribe a dosage deemed medically necessary to relieve severe chronic intractable pain as long as the prescribing is in conformance with the provisions of the California Intractable Pain Treatment Act, Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions Code.
j) A patient who suffers from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to choose opiate medication for the treatment of the severe chronic intractable pain as long as the prescribing is in conformance with the provisions of the. California Intractable Treatment Act, Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions code
(k) The patient's physician may refuse to prescribe opiate medication for a patient who requests the treatment for severe chronic intractable pain. However, that physician shall inform the patient that there are physicians who specialize in the treatment of severe chronic intractable pain with methods that include the use of opiates.
124961. Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter any of the provisions set forth in the California Intractable Pain Treatment Act, Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions Code. This section shall be known as the Pain Patient's Bill of Rights.
(a) A patient suffering from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to request or reject the use of any or all modalities in order to relieve his or her severe chronic intractable pain.
(b) A patient who suffers from severe chronic intractable pain has the option to choose opiate medications to relieve severe chronic intractable pain without first having to submit to an invasive medical procedure, which is defined as surgery, destruction of a nerve or other other body tissue by manipulation, or the implantation of a drug delivery system or device, as long as the prescribing physician acts in conformance with the provisions of the California Intractable Pain Treatment Act, Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions Code.
-3- Ch. 839
(c) The patient's physician may refuse to prescribe opiate medication for the patient who requests a treatment for severe chronic intractable pain. However, that physician shall inform the patient that there are physicians who specialize in the treatment of severe chronic intractable pain with methods that include the use of opiates.
(d) A physician who uses opiate therapy to relieve severe chronic intractable pain may prescribe a dosage deemed medically necessary to relieve severe chronic intractable pain, as long as that prescribing is in conformance with the California Intractable Pain Treatment Act, Section 2241.5 of the Business and Professions Code.
(e) A patient may voluntarily request that his or her physician provide an identifying notice of the prescription for purposes of emergency treatment or law enforcement identification.
(f) Nothing in this section shall do either of the following: (1) Limit any reporting or disciplinary provisions applicable to licensed physicians and surgeons who violate prescribing practices or other provisions set forth in the Medical Practice Act, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or the regulations adopted there under. (2) Limit the applicability of any federal statute or federal regulation or any of the other statutes or regulations of this state that regulate dangerous drugs or controlled substances.
Senate Bill No. 1802
An act to add Section 2241.5 to the Business and Professions Code,
relating to physicians and surgeons.
[Approved by Governor September 30. 1990. Filed with
Secretary of State September 30, 1990.]
LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST
SE 1802, L. Greene. Physicians and surgeons. Existing law makes it unprofessional conduct and grounds for disciplinary action for a physician and surgeon to perform repeated acts of clearly excessive prescribing, furnishing, or administering of drugs or treatment, as specified.
This bill would authorize a physician and surgeon to prescribe or administer controlled substances to a person in the course of treatment of that person for a diagnosed condition causing intractable pain, as defined, and would prohibit the Medical Board of California from disciplining a physician and surgeon for that prescribing or administering. The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
SE(-=IION 1. Section 2241.5 is added to the Business and Professions Code, to read:
2241.5. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a physician and surgeon may prescribe: or administer controlled substances to a person in the course of the physician and surgeon's
treatment of that person for a diagnosed condition causing intractable pain.
(b) "Intractable pain," as used in this section, means a pain state in which the cause of the pain cannot be removed or otherwise treated and which in the generally accepted course of medical
practice no relief or cure of the cause of the pain is possible or none has been found after reasonable efforts including, but not limited to, evaluation by the attending physician and surgeon and one or more physicians and surgeons specializing in the treatment of the area,
system, or organ of the body perceived as the source of the pain.
(c) No physician and surgeon shall be subject to disciplinary action by the board for prescribing or administering controlled substances in the course of treatment of a person for intractable pain.
(d) This section shall not apply to those persons being treated by the physician and surgeon for chemical dependency because of their use of drugs or controlled substances.
(e) This section shall not authorize a physician and surgeon to prescribe or administer controlled substances to a person the
Ch. 1588 -2- physician and surgeon knows to be using drugs or substances for nontherapeutic purposes.
(f) This section shall not affect the power of the board to deny, revoke, or suspend the license of any physician and surgeon who does any of the following:
(1) Prescribes or administers a controlled substance or treatment that is nontherapeutic in nature or nontherapeutic in the manner the controlled substance or treatment is administered or prescribed or is for a nontherapeutic purpose in a nontherapeutic manner.
(2) Fails to keep complete and accurate records of purchases and disposals of substances listed in the California Controlled Substances Act, or of controlled substances scheduled in, or pursuant to, the federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. A physician and surgeon shall keep records of his or her purchases and disposals of these drugs, including the date of purchase, the date and records of the sale or disposal of the drugs by the physician and surgeon, the name and address of the person receiving the drugs, and the reason for the disposal of or the dispensing of the drugs to the person and shall otherwise comply with all state record keeping requirements for controlled substances.
(3) Writes false or fictitious prescriptions for controlled substances listed in the California Controlled Substances Act or scheduled in the federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention
and Control Act of 1970.
(4) Prescribes, administers, or dispenses in a manner not consistent with public health and welfare controlled substances listed in the California Controlled Substance Act or scheduled in the
federal Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.
(5) Prescribes, administers, or dispenses in violation of either Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 11150) or Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11210) of Division 10 of the Health. and
Safety Code or this chapter.
(g) This section shall not apply to treatment of any person in a health facility, as defined in Section' 12;50 of the Health and Safety Code.
SEC. 2. This act shall be known and cited as the Intractable Pain Treatment Act.
The patient who suffers with Chronic intractable pain, it is the type of patient who needs a special consideration. This is usually a patient who has suffered with pain longer than three months, and who is truly in need of pain relief and help. This is a patient who usually exhibits all the signs of narcotics seeking behavior. The term narcotic seeking behavior is usually given to a patient who exhibits signs and symptoms of the want to or need for pain medication, and becomes extremely agitated when the medication is not given. But the patient with Chronic intractable pain, is one who is truly in pain. A drug seeking behavior is not uncommon. The patient is in pain, and is seeking relief. The majority of doctors who see this type of behavior, automatically label them as a patient who is a hypochondriac, or who has a bad drug habit. On the contrary, this is a patient who is truly in need of medication, and with today's society, it is very hard to find relief for Chronic intractable pain. Like most patients early on, the patient is missed diagnosed or diagnosed and miss treated. The reason I say miss treated , is because some doctors, like you to have what they call a pain contract. This is a contract between a patient and doctor which stipulates how much pain medication the patient is to receive over a period of time. This however it is not true pain management. For a patient with Chronic intractable pain. The only way to treat this patient is, too titrate the patients narcotics via long acting narcotics such as Oxycontin or MSIR (Morphine sulfate continuous releases), to place where the patient is no longer in pain. The patient will also require a short acting narcotic for the intermediate state of when the long acting narcotics is at its low and before it begins to release its second dosage.
The problem with many doctors is that they are not adequately trained in how to treat patients with chronic intractable pain. This is a huge problem in today's medical society. The American Medical Association is presently undergoing changes in the teaching of new doctors on just how to treat chronic intractable pain. The breed of medical doctors who now occupy our society are, what we call pain illiterate. This means they are either to scared of treating a patient pain and possibly creating a condition in which the patient becomes addicted, or the foremost reasons why doctors today in California, do not treat patients appropriately is because they are afraid of losing their license. In the state of California, this is no longer an issue with patients who have been diagnosed with chronic intractable pain. The state has mandated the use of narcotic pain killers, through Senate bill 402 or (SB402) which protects doctors from prescribing strong narcotic pain killers to patients with chronic intractable pain. They no longer have to fear reprisals or disciplinary actions for treating such patients. The law now states that doctors are free to prescribe narcotics to patients who have chronic intractable pain ,with what ever, and how much is needed of the their standard or triplicate pain medications for the relief of their pain. Also the patient has the right to reject surgery over taking pain medications for relief. Per say, a patient in which surgery would be required to relieve pain, does have the option either to have the surgery or continue taking pain medications without any reprisals on the doctor.
This Law is currently active in California & only a few other states @ this time.
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