Rubella

also called German measles and or Three day measles.

Rubella is a contagious viral infection that is associated with a rash, inflamed eyes that may last one - to five days before the rash appears, fever, malaise, runny nose, and headache.  Rubella is cause by a virus that is transmitted through the air or by close contact.  An expecting mother who has this disease can transmit it to the fetus, and it can be very serious because it can cause defects to their unborn child.  If the women is infected with Rubella in her first trimester, congenital rubella syndrome can occur, and defects are rare if the expecting mom contracted rubella after her 20th week of pregnancy. A person can transmit rubella from 7 days before rash appears and until 1 week after the rash disappears.

Symptoms:

Red rash
Low grade fever
Headache
Malaise
Runny nose
Inflammation of the eyes

Or the patient may experience no symptoms at all.

Treatment: There is no specific treatment for Rubella. Other than-

See your Doctor.
Rest.
Acetaminophen may be given to relieve fever and for the discomfort.
Fluids.

Prevention:

Children should get complete immunization shots (MMR )
Women of childbearing age, should get screen by rubella serology, and if immunity is not present, immunization can be given providing that conception can be prevented for at least 3 months after getting vaccination. * Vaccination should not be given to pregnant women at any time.

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