Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever also known as Scarlatina

Scarlet fever once had been a dangerous illness, but with early care it is easily treatable.
Scarlet fever needs to be treated with antibiotic and can not be left to run its course, it is characterize by sore throat, high fever  spots on the tongue ( looks like strawberry tongue ), bright red rash.  If left untreated it can lead to arthritis, jaundice, kidney problems rheumatic fever and can lead to death.  Incubation period is 2 to 5 days, and anywhere from 24 to 48 hours later, a rash ( scarlet rash ) appears, the rash can feel like sandpaper.

Scarlet fever is caused by a bacteria known as streptococcal, it is contagious and spread by contact with an infected person or from inhalation of the bacteria

Symptoms:

Sore Throat
High fever 
Rash - usually starts at the neck and chest than spreading through out the whole body
Headache
Dizziness
Nausea and or vomiting
Abdominal pain
Tongue becomes red and swollen ( looks like strawberry tongue )

 * Your doctor may want to take a culture of your throat for the presence of streptococcal bacteria, he/she will examine your throat.  Your doctor may order blood work to be done. 

Treatment:

Antibiotic therapy
Drink plenty of fluids
Acetaminophen ( tylenol product ) * do not take aspirin unless specified by your doctor, due to the fact that  it can be associated with Reye's syndrome ( a sometimes fatal brain disease - cause - unknown )
Cool baths helps to reduce fever.
Your doctor may prescribe an antihistamine/anitpuritis medication to relieve the itching

Latest Article: Salmonella

What it is: Salmonellosis is an infection with a bacteria called Salmonella. The Salmonella germ is actually a group of bacteria that can cause diarrheal illness in humans.  They are microscopic living creatures that pass from the feces of people or animals, to other people or other animals. There are many different...

Related Articles: