Tetanus

Tetanus is a disease that affect the Central Nervous System caused by the Toxin Bacterium Clostridium Tetani Bacterium Clostridium Tetani spores is found in soil, be cautious of dirty or dusty objects, such as rusty nail, rusty and dirty medal materials, animal bites etc. If the spores enter in an open wound it can germinate releasing a bacteria that multiplies and produce a toxin that enters in the bloodstream called Tetanospasim.

Incubation period is about 5 days and or up to 15 weeks, with the average of 8 to 12 days
Because it affects the Central Nervous System - it causes the muscles to go into severe spasm.  The spasm can be severe that it can tear the muscle or cause compression fracture of the vertebrae.

It can cause death to newborns when the umbilical stump becomes infected. Since immunization is mandatory in most of all the US, it has been control with less than a hundred reported cases, and with those who had not been immunized and or had not had the tetanus booster with in the recommended time and or have not had the booster shot currently.

Symptoms:

Stiff neck
Difficulty swallowing
Drooling
Fever
Irritability
Spasm in the jaw
Spasm of the neck muscles
Spasm of the facial muscle
Rigidity in the chest, back and abdomen muscle
Difficulty breathing

Treatment:

Call your doctor if you obtain a puncture and or open wound and have not receive a tetanus booster with in the last 5 years

Tetanus immune globulin injection
Antibiotic treatment such as Penicillin
Muscle relaxant for spasms
Bedrest
Quiet and or limited noise
May need surgical removal of the infected tissue

It is important to have your children immunize - Called DPT (Diphtheria toxoid, Pertussis, Tetanus toxoid ),  it is given in combination.  See your Health Care Provider and or the Health Clinic near you.

If you come in contact with any thing that may have been outdoors and or rusty, dirty objects and receive a cut that broke the skin, and have not had a tents booster within the last 5 years, see your doctor promptly. 

Clean wound thoroughly with clean hot soapy water, rinse well

Tetanus is serious and should be treated promptly, if left untreated, it can lead to death.

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