Bipolar Depression

Bipolar depression or bipolar disorder is characterized by the presence of at least one manic episode. A manic episode is defined as “an abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood not related to substance abuse or a medical condition that lasts for at least a week and includes a number of disturbances in behavior and thinking.” Symptoms of a manic episode include extreme irritability, euphoric feelings, poor judgment, decreased sleep, obnoxious behavior, and denial. Usually, a person who has one such episode goes on to have many more in the future.

Statistics indicate that someone with bipolar depression could have an average of four such episodes during a period of ten years if they are not undergoing any kind of treatment for this. The pattern of mood cycles, depression and manic episodes is unique to each individual. Bipolar depression could begin in adolescence or early adulthood and continues throughout life. It is also easily mistaken for a psychological problem and hence, may go untreated for a long time. More than two million Americans have bipolar depression which can be disruptive to their lives. The illness can take its toll on the patient and his family members including spouse, children, and parents amongst others.

Behavioral problems are also something that the individual’s family will have to deal with. Studies indicate a strong possibility that bipolar disorder can be inherited. Once the person realizes that he or she has a problem, the way to recovery is half covered. Someone who is suffering from severe bipolar depression may have to be committed to a hospital to keep them from harming themselves and others. It may take time to discover the ideal treatment for someone with bipolar depression, but the condition is treatable. A psychologist and a physician are both needed for the successful treatment of the patient.

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