Learning Disabilities

All of us suffer from more or less some kind of learning disabilities. It is a particular human characteristic that is no way related to the intellectual aspects of human character. Even the stalwarts who touched great heights in their lives like Walt Disney, Alexander Graham Bell and Winston Churchill had several learning impairments.

In essence, learning disability is a kind of problem that corrupts the ability of the brain to process, store, analyze and receive information. A student’s suffering from learning disability will hold him back to cope up with his studies and lag behind the other normal students.

Learning disabilities may also affect your power of concentration and focus on subjects. Your mind resides in a wandering state and lacks stability and potency. Students with such disability may also find it hard to read, write, spell or solve math problems.

It is not easy to understand whether a person has learning disability or not. It can only be understood when you see the person having problems in speaking, reading, writing, solving math problem, interacting with parents and being attentive in the class.

Types of Learning disabilities

Learning disabilities can be both verbal and non-verbal. In case of verbal learning disability you find it difficult to cope up with words both written and spoken. Dyslexia is the most common form of verbal learning disability, in which case you have lots of trouble in recognizing and processing letters along with their associated sounds. If you have dyslexia you won't be able to read and write properly.

People suffering from non-verbal disabilities have to face lots of problems in processing what they see before them. They feel confused when they see letters or signs on the blackboard and take time to recognize or identify things written before their eyes.

Causes of learning disabilities

Genetic Influences – Some experts are of the opinion that learning incapabilities may run in families and they feel that heredity has a major role to play in this particular matter.

Brain development – The process of brain development in a child may be greatly affected due to several reasons like low birth weight, lack of oxygen or premature birth. Those who have suffered a head injury at an early stage of childhood, might have bright chances of developing learning disabilities

Environmental impacts – Learning incapability may also occur due to presence of toxic materials in the environment, or poor nutrition in the early stage of life

How to cope up with learning disabilities

A student suffering from learning disability should be made to work with a special teacher or tutor for hours, days and even weeks. This special guide will help the student acquire special studying skills, note taking strategies, and several organizational techniques.

Some schools run Individualized Education Programs or IEPs. These programs clearly define an individual's learning strengths and weaknesses. This program provides a plan based on learning activities, which would help the students perform best in the academic sphere.

Well you should never confuse learning impairments with other types of disorders like psychological disorder, and mental retardation. An individual can only cope up with his learning disabilities when his family as well as friends aptly supports him.

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