Parkinsons Disease

Parkinson's disease is a degenerative condition of the nervous system, which makes ones arms and legs tremble. The muscles even go stiff, making ones movement comparatively slower. Some people suffering from this particular disease even develop a condition known as senile dementia. Patients, who are seriously affected, suffer from conditions like pneumonia, septicaemia (blood poisoning), stroke, urinary tract infection and pressure sores. Some of these conditions, in their severe form, can lead to fatal consequences.

Parkinson's disease is caused by a continuous loss of the brain cells or neurons in a certain portion of the brain called substantia nigra, which produces a chemical known as dopamine. Researches have proved that people suffering from this disease may also lack other essential brain chemicals like serotonin (linked to mood), noradrenaline (linked to blood pressure control) and acetylcholine (linked to mental state).

People above forty generally suffer from this particular disease. In certain cases, some teens may also suffer from an agonizing condition of Parkinson's disease.

Major risk factors associated with Parkinson's disease are:

One loses ones capacity to smell things
One develops an obsessive personality
One may also experience extreme emotional trauma and stress

Symptoms

One experiences stiffness and cramps in the muscles – the muscles tend to become rigid, affecting the movements of arms, legs and necks
One may have problem in balancing the body and ones gait becomes unstable
Ones face becomes pale and expressionless
One fails to write properly
One suffers from disturbed sleeping conditions
One tends to get depressed and anxious
One faces difficulty in moving the body from one side to the other while lying on the bed at night
One experiences tremor especially when one are resting
One faces problems in initiating movements (this is known as Bradykinesia)
Ones manual dexterity gets minimized
One tends to suffer from acute constipation
One feels like urinating frequently at night
One suffers from a condition called drooling

Diagnoses

For a proper and correct diagnosis of the condition, the physician takes into account all of the symptoms. Doctors also perform some clinical tests for the proper detection of Parkinson's disease. At times, special brain scans like SPECT or PET scans are done to support the diagnosis of this particular disease.

Treatment

There is no treatment for this agonizing and distressing disease as such. Dopamine-enhancing drugs such as Levodopa can help ease, alleviate suffering a bit. The best way to combat Parkinson’s disease is through counseling, physiotherapy and speech therapy. Symptoms of the disease can also be suppressed through surgery, pallidotomy, subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation, pallidal deep brain stimulation and neurotransplantation.

Support of the family and friends is an essential part of the treatment of Parkinson's disease.

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